重阳节英语(重阳节的文化内涵与意义)
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重阳节英语(重阳节的文化内涵与意义)
06-01

重阳节的来历

重阳的源头,可追溯到先秦之前。《吕氏春秋》之中《季秋纪》载:(九月)命家宰,农事备收,举五种之要。藏帝籍之收于神仓,祗敬必饬。是日也,大飨帝,尝牺牲,告备于天子。可见当时已有在秋九月农作物丰收之时祭飨天帝、祭祖,以谢天帝、祖先恩德的活动。

The origin of Chongyang can be traced back to the pre Qin period. "Ji Qiu Ji" in Lvs spring and Autumn Annals states: "in September, I ordered my family to be slaughtered and prepare for harvest. There are five important points. The collection of the Tibetan emperors books in the shencang is only regulated by respect." "it is the same day, and I will give great gifts to the emperor, taste the sacrifices and tell the son of heaven." it can be seen that there were activities to offer sacrifices to the emperor and ancestors at the harvest of crops in autumn and September to thank the emperor and ancestors for their kindness.

重阳节的习俗

登高、吃糕吃面、尊老敬老、赏菊、宴师等。

Climbing, eating cakes and noodles, respecting the elderly, appreciating chrysanthemums, banquet masters, etc.

登高

1、登高:在古代,民间在重阳有登高的风俗,故重阳节又叫登高节。相传此风俗始于东汉。唐代文人所写的登高诗很多,大多是写重阳节的习俗;杜甫的七律《登高》,就是写重阳登高的名篇。

1. Climbing: in ancient times, there was a folk custom of climbing in Chongyang, so Chongyang Festival is also called "Climbing Festival". It is said that this custom began in the Eastern Han Dynasty. There are many climbing poems written by scholars in the Tang Dynasty, most of which are about the custom of the Double Ninth Festival; Du Fus seven laws "climbing high" is a famous article about climbing high on the Double Ninth Festival.

吃糕吃面

2、吃糕吃面:农历九月九日吃枣糕,寓意早日升高。晋东南地区及五台县等地,则习惯吃寿面。晋南地区有九月九,家家有的民谚,意思是说这一天家家户户都要改善生活。

2. Eat cake and noodles: eat jujube cake on September 9 of the lunar calendar, and the meaning will rise as soon as possible. Southeast Shanxi and Wutai County are used to eating birthday noodles. There is a folk saying in southern Shanxi that "every family has its own on September 9", which means that every family should improve their life on this day.

3、尊老敬老:九九重阳节,今天成了象征老年人长寿的佳节。是日习惯慰问老人。老人们喜欢到门外遛达遛达,锻炼锻炼。体魄强壮者还要登上附近的高处,极目远舒,以壮暮志。

3. Respecting the elderly: the Double Ninth Festival has become a festival symbolizing the longevity of the elderly. Its a daily habit to comfort the elderly. The old people like to walk outside the door for exercise. Those with strong physique have to climb the nearby high places, and their eyes are far and comfortable, so as to strengthen their twilight ambition.

赏菊

4、赏菊:赏菊也是重阳节的一项传统活动。金秋时节,正是菊花盛开的季节。古人在赏菊之时,还习惯饮菊花酒。今天,不少人仍喜欢在这天饮菊花酒。多数是在酒中泡点干菊花。晋北一些地方,饮酒喜在门外,称为辞青,意喻告别秋天。

4. Chrysanthemum appreciation: Chrysanthemum appreciation is also a traditional activity of the Double Ninth Festival. Golden autumn is the season when chrysanthemums are in full bloom. The ancients used to drink chrysanthemum wine when appreciating chrysanthemums. Today, many people still like to drink chrysanthemum wine on this day. Most of them are dried chrysanthemums soaked in wine. In some places in northern Shanxi, drinking is like outside the door, which is called CI Qing, which means saying goodbye to autumn.

5、宴师:旧俗九月九日,各村由学董牵头,组织村民杀一只羊做饭菜,盛情招待先生。同时商讨本村下一年的教书事宜,或继续留聘,或另请高明。今天学校教师多为公职人员,不少农村地区仍然习惯在这一天宴请老师。

5. Banquet master: as the old custom, on September 9, each village, led by the school director, organized the villagers to kill a sheep for dinner and warmly entertained the gentleman. At the same time, we will discuss the teaching of the village for the next year, or continue to hire, or hire another expert. Today, most school teachers are public officials, and many rural areas are still used to entertaining teachers on this day.

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